Endometriosis ~ Abdominal Pain ~ Endo ~ Scar Tissue ~ Adhesions ~ Infertility ~ Hysterectomy

Thursday, January 03, 2008

Clinical evaluation of endometriosis and differential response to surgical therapy with and without application of Oxiplex/AP* adhesion barrier gel.

diZerega GS, Coad J, Donnez J.
Livingston Reproductive Biology Laboratories, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA. dizerega@usc.edu
OBJECTIVE: To correlate parameters of endometriosis obtained during routine clinical evaluation with the subsequent formation of adhesions following surgical treatment by laparoscopy. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, double-blind, clinical trial. SETTING: Tertiary referral centers for the treatment of endometriosis. PATIENT(S): Thirty-seven patients (65 with adnexa) with stage I-III endometriosis; endometrioma-only patients were excluded. INTERVENTION: Laparoscopic surgical treatment of endometriosis, followed by randomization to Oxiplex/AP (FzioMed, Inc., San Luis Obispo, California) gel treatment (treated group) of adnexa, or surgery alone (control group); follow-up laparoscopy 6-10 weeks later. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Adnexal Americn Fertility Society score, correlated with color and location of endometriosis, as well as stage of disease determined by masked review of videotapes. RESULT(S): Control patients with at least 50% red lesions had a greater increase in ipsilateral adnexal adhesion scores than patients with mostly black or white and/or clear lesions. Treated patients with red lesions had a greater decrease in adnexal adhesion scores than control patients. There was a correlation between baseline endometriosis stage and postoperative adhesion formation in control patients, but not treated patients. CONCLUSION(S): Patients with red endometriotic lesions had greater increases in their adhesion scores than patients with only black, white, and/or clear lesions. Oxiplex/AP gel was effective in reducing adhesions, compared to surgery alone, in all groups.
PMID: 17126335 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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