IN reality, a woman’s reproductive system is extremely sensitive, and any stressor — psychological, nutritional, or physical — can affect the delicate balance.
Whether or not she’s trying to conceive, these simple health moves can help maximize and protect her fertility.
Watch your weight
Excess body fat can lead to an overproduction of certain hormones, which could short-circuit the whole ovulation process. Your cycles may be less regular, you may ovulate less often, and you lower your chances of getting pregnant. Exercise can help maintain a healthy weight. Just don’t overdo it!
Staying well nourished boosts odds of conceiving. Make sure to include enough protein, iron, zinc, and vitamin C, because deficiencies in these nutrients have been linked to lengthened menstrual cycles (and therefore less frequent ovulation) and a higher risk of early miscarriage.
Avoid tobacco smoking
Cigarette toxins not only damage a woman’s eggs, interfering with the fertilization and implantation process, but also cause the ovaries to “age.”
Get to know your cycle
When you’re ready to conceive, find your “fertile window,” during which you should have intercourse regularly. A woman’s fertile days are usually the day of ovulation and the four or five days before, not after. But don’t assume that you automatically ovulate on day 14 of your cycle.
Avoid stress and depression
Women are less likely to conceive during months of psychological distress. Stress, like heavy exercise, may throw off the body’s hormone production, making the menstrual cycle less reliable. But learning to manage stress through relaxation techniques can get your hormones back on track,
Think before you drink
Alcohol consumption has been linked with a decreased ability to get pregnant (not to mention the harm it can cause to a developing foetus). Alcohol alters oestrogen levels, which may interfere with egg implantation. If you’re thinking about getting pregnant, limit alcohol intake.
Get busy in the bedroom
Women who engage in regular (at least weekly) intercourse are more likely to have predictable menstrual cycles and normal ovulation patterns than women who have sporadic sex. Having sex every 36 to 48 hours in the few days before ovulation will make the most of your fertile window.
This cleansing routine can wipe out normal, protective bacteria in the vagina, shifting the balance and increasing risk for common but often overlooked vaginal infection linked to preterm labour and associated with higher risk of miscarriage and infertility.
Stay on the Pill
Birth-control pill may actually enhance fertility. For some women, the Pill can be critical in preserving fertility because it keeps endometriosis and uterine fibroids under control by slowing uterine-tissue growth.
Check his health
The same things that harm your fertility can also wreck your husband’s reproductive health. Cigarettes, alcohol, a poor diet — any of these can contribute to lower sperm production or quality. Getting enough nutrients — particularly vitamins E and C and selenium — helps him produce healthy sperm. Taking a daily multivitamin is a good step.